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Obesity during pregnancy modulates offspring microflora composition and gastrointestinal functions

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB), the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, finds...


Gender differences in how diet affects gut microbes

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 01:00:00 PDT

The microbes living in the guts of males and females react differently to diet, even when the diets are identical, according to a study by scientists from The University of Texas at Austin and six...


Cold sore remains active even when no symptoms appear

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Scientists investigating the herpes virus have been surprised to find an ongoing conflict in the cells of sufferers, even when the virus is apparently dormant.


New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

About 100 drugs already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for other purposes can also prevent the growth of certain bacterial pathogens inside human cells, including those that...


Blood and saliva test for HPV-related cancers 'in development'

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Johns Hopkins researchers have achieved 70% accuracy with a new blood and saliva test for predicting recurrence of HPV-related cancers. However, further refinements are needed.


Next-generation sequencing used to rapidly identify pathogens

Wed, 30 Jul 2014 01:00:00 PDT

He calls himself the bug hunter, but the target of his work consists of viruses that can only be found and identified with special methods and instruments.


Surgical site infections for heart operations reduced by surgical safety program CLEAN

Wed, 30 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Study presented at the ACS NSQIP® National Conference reports that evidence-based measures plus an interdisciplinary team approach reduces surgical site infection rates in a high-risk patient...


Epimutations enable bacteria and fungi to adapt to an unfavorable environment

Wed, 30 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Microorganisms like bacteria and fungi can evade treatment by acquiring mutations in the genes targeted by antibiotics or antifungal drugs.


Increasing MMR uptake by most cost-effective means

Wed, 30 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Giving parents access to a website containing information about the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine is the most cost-effective way of increasing its uptake, new University of Leeds research...


Fighting HIV infection with the body's natural virus killers

Wed, 30 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Using the body's natural virus killers to prevent and treat HIV infection has been problematic until now because of the strong inflammatory response these molecules can arouse as they get rid of the...


Bacteria in the gut used to fight obesity in mouse model

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 01:00:00 PDT

A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon. Bacteria that produce a therapeutic compound in the gut inhibit weight gain, insulin resistance and other adverse effects of a high-fat diet...


Ritual circumcision procedure increases risk of herpes infection in infants

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

A rare procedure occasionally performed during Jewish circumcisions that involves direct oral suction is a likely source of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) transmissions documented in infants...


For common prenatal abnormality, continuous antibiotics unnecessary in many cases

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Up to 5 percent of all prenatal ultrasounds uncover antenatal hydronephrosis, or enlarged kidneys, the most commonly detected prenatal abnormality in the United States.


Improved picture of the gut provided by new imaging agent

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 00:00:00 PDT

A multi-institutional team of researchers has developed a new nanoscale agent for imaging the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.


Forget the handshake: fist bumps are 'more hygienic'

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 08:00:00 PDT

Greeting someone by knocking fists together spreads fewer germs than shaking hands, according to a new study. Should this be the new way we greet each other?


UF Health granted $12 million to establish comprehensive sepsis research center

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 02:00:00 PDT

University of Florida Health has been awarded a $12 million, five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health to create a one-of-a-kind center to help generate treatments and prevention...


Drugs used to treat lung disease work with the body clock

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 02:00:00 PDT

Scientists from The University of Manchester have discovered why medication to treat asthma and pneumonia can become ineffective.


Study reveals potential for development of an alternative to antibiotics

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Research published in PLOS Pathogens reveals how viruses called bacteriophages destroy the bacterium Clostridium difficile (C.


The "stemness" of individual immune memory cells: a fundamental finding with implications for clinical cell therapy

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Researchers in Germany and the U.S. have proven for the first time that specific individual cells of the immune system, termed central memory T cells, have all the essential characteristics of adult...


Next-generation sequencing uncovers one route to malaria drug resistance

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Researchers have uncovered a way the malaria parasite becomes resistant to an investigational drug. The discovery, at Washington University School of Medicine in St.