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How pneumonia bacteria can compromise heart health

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 11:00:00 PDT

Bacterial pneumonia in adults carries an elevated risk for adverse cardiac events (such as heart failure, arrhythmias, and heart attacks) that contribute substantially to mortality - but how the...

A novel therapy for sepsis?

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 01:00:00 PDT

A University of Tokyo research group has discovered that pentatraxin 3 (PTX3), a protein that helps the innate immune system target invaders such as bacteria and viruses, can reduce mortality of mice...

Antibiotics found in human body bacteria

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 03:00:00 PDT

A new study shows how the bacteria that live on and in our bodies contain genetic recipes for molecules that act like drugs, some of which may have antibiotic potential.

Sharks' skin has teeth in the fight against hospital superbugs

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 02:00:00 PDT

Transmission of bacterial infections, including MRSA and MSSA could be curbed by coating hospital surfaces with microscopic bumps that mimic the scaly surface of shark skin, according to research...

A single protein can mean the difference between life-long chronic infection or cure for hepatitis

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 01:00:00 PDT

A single protein may tip the balance between ridding the body of a dangerous virus and enduring life-long chronic infection, according to a report appearing in The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

CVID patients may benefit from immunotherapy

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Leaky intestines may cripple bacteria-fighting immune cells in patients with a rare hereditary disease, according to a study by researchers in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Novel device inspired by the spleen quickly filters bacteria, fungi and toxins for sepsis therapy

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Things can go downhill fast when a patient has sepsis, a life-threatening condition in which bacteria or fungi multiply in a patient's blood - often too fast for antibiotics to help.

Ebola virus protein offers potential drug target

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 03:00:00 PDT

An Ebola protein that is key to virus replication has a unique and unusual structure not seen in other human viral diseases. Researchers suggest it could be a new drug target.

Pitt-developed vaccine proves effective against deadly Middle East virus

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 02:00:00 PDT

A vaccine developed by an international team of scientists led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine successfully protects mice against a contagious and deadly virus spreading across...

Antibiotic from bacteria in the vagina demonstrates that our microbes are a rich source of drugs

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Bacteria that normally live in and upon us have genetic blueprints that enable them to make thousands of molecules that act like drugs, and some of these molecules might serve as the basis for new...

Ticks that vector Lyme disease spread into North Dakota

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 00:00:00 PDT

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, there are more than 300,000 cases of Lyme disease in the U.S. each year.

The importance of commensal bacteria to immune response in lung

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Studies in mice demonstrate that signals from the bacteria that harmlessly - and often beneficially - inhabit the human gastrointestinal tract boost the immune system's ability to kill a major...

Antibiotics are 'overprescribed' among children for respiratory infections

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 08:00:00 PDT

Up to 11.4 million prescriptions for antibiotics to treat respiratory infections among children each year are 'unnecessary,' according to a new meta-analysis.

Findings suggest how swimming cells form biofilms on surfaces

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 02:00:00 PDT

New research findings point toward future approaches to fighting bacterial biofilms that foul everything from implantable medical devices to industrial pipes and boat propellers.

New insights in survival strategies of bacteria

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 02:00:00 PDT

Bacteria are particularly ingenious when it comes to survival strategies. They often create a biofilm to protect themselves from a hostile environment, for example during treatment with antibiotics.

NHS in the dark about full scale of hospital infections, report reveals

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 02:00:00 PDT

Most NHS Trusts are unaware of the full scale, cost and impact of healthcare-acquired infections, such as sepsis and norovirus, a new report from the Medical Technology Group has revealed.

How bacteria resist fluoride toxicity

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 01:00:00 PDT

He's not a dentist, but Christopher Miller is focused on fluoride. Two studies from his Brandeis University lab provide new insights into the mechanisms that allow bacteria to resist fluoride...

Relationship between the diversity of gut bacteria and future risk of developing breast cancer

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Postmenopausal women with diverse gut bacteria exhibit a more favorable ratio of estrogen metabolites, which is associated with reduced risk for breast cancer, compared to women with less microbial...

Vigilance will keep Australian Ebola risk small

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 00:00:00 PDT

The risk of Ebola virus appearing in Australia remains small but continued vigilance and good infection control are critical to keeping it that way, according to a perspective published in the...

Discovery of new defence mechanism against viruses

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Researchers have discovered that a known quality control mechanism in human, animal and plant cells is active against viruses.