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Chewing your food could protect against infection

Fri, 20 Jan 2017 09:00:00 PST

New research finds that chewing food can trigger the oral release of Th17 cells - a type of immune cell that can help to protect against infection.

New technique could enable safer production of polio vaccines

Fri, 20 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

A new method to produce a stable fragment of poliovirus could enable safer production of vaccines, according to a study published in PLOS Pathogens.

Time to put TB on a diet!

Fri, 20 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

Global Tuberculosis Report, the disease kills over 1.5 million people a year.

Rabies viruses reveal wiring in transparent brains

Fri, 20 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Scientists under the leadership of the University of Bonn have harnessed rabies viruses for assessing the connectivity of nerve cell transplants: coupled with a green fluorescent protein, the...

Dental implant with slow-release drug reservoir reduces infection risk

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 07:00:00 PST

A dental implant with a built-in reservoir allows the slow release of antimicrobial drugs that prevent and eliminate biofilms to reduce risk of infection.

Why hospital antibiotic management strategies do little to curb resistance

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

With an alarming growth in antibiotic resistance and doctors increasingly having to resort to last-chance antibiotics to save patients, is there a better way for hospitals to manage antibiotic...

Baker's yeast enzyme could help treat leukemia, study suggests

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 09:00:00 PST

Researchers reveal how an enzyme found in baker's yeast could offer a safer, more effective treatment option for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Antimicrobial sutures can prevent surgical site infections and save money

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

New analyses of the published clinical studies indicate that antimicrobial sutures are effective for preventing surgical site infections (SSIs), and they can result in significant cost savings.

New insights in genetic defect allow prevention of fatal illnesses in children

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

A team of scientists led by prof. Adrian Liston (VIB-KU Leuven) and prof. Isabelle Meyts (UZ Leuven - KU Leuven) were able to characterize a new genetic immunodeficiency resulting from a mutation...

Community-acquired pneumonia can spread year-round

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

New research indicates that community-acquired pneumonia should not be regarded as a seasonal disease, as it occurs throughout all seasons; however, the pathogens that cause the condition are...

Study shines light on how to build better bacteriophage therapies

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Researchers have discovered that a subset of bacteriophages, dubbed "superspreaders," potentially play a major role in transmitting antimicrobial resistance.

Study: HIV therapy could be contributing to syphilis outbreak

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Drugs used to treat HIV could affect how the body responds to syphilis, inadvertently contributing to a current outbreak, a new study suggests.

Every meal triggers inflammation

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

When we eat, we do not just take in nutrients - we also consume a significant quantity of bacteria.

Nanoparticle exposure can awaken dormant viruses in the lungs

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

Nanoparticles from combustion engines can activate viruses that are dormant in in lung tissue cells.

Bloodstream infections: Most common type of health care-associated infections in children

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

A study published by The Lancet Infectious Diseases establishes the prevalence and type of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in children in Europe and describes risk factors for infection in...

Drug-resistant 'nightmare bacteria' show worrisome ability to diversify and spread

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

A family of highly drug-resistant and potentially deadly bacteria may be spreading more widely - and more stealthily - than previously thought, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Researchers find that certain anti-influenza compounds also inhibit Zika virus infection

Mon, 16 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

Researchers from the University of Helsinki have shown that three anti-influenza compounds effectively inhibit Zika virus infection in human cells.

Wearable biosensors can flag illness, Lyme disease, risk for diabetes, low oxygen on aircraft

Mon, 16 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Can your smart watch detect when you are becoming sick? A new study from Stanford, publishing in PLOS Biology, indicates that this is possible.

Cholera bacteria infect more effectively with a simple twist of shape

Mon, 16 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

The bacteria that cause the life-threatening disease cholera may initiate infection by coordinating a wave of mass shapeshifting that allows them to more effectively penetrate the intestines of...

Malaria transmission may increase when more parasites are transferred via mosquito bite

Mon, 16 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Mosquitos carrying a greater number of malaria-causing parasites may be more likely to cause infection in the people they bite, according to a new study published in PLOS Pathogens.