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In newest analysis for Human Microbiome Project scientists re-define what's healthy

Sat, 19 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

As scientists catalog the trillions of bacteria found in every nook and cranny of the human body, a new look by the University of Michigan shows wide variation in the types of bacteria found in...


Lyme disease research may help predict patients' risk for long-term complications

Sat, 19 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

A team of scientists led by Johns Hopkins and Stanford University researchers has laid the groundwork for understanding how variations in immune responses to Lyme disease can contribute to the many...


Promising new oral drug to combat the measles

Sat, 19 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

A novel antiviral drug may protect people infected with the measles from getting sick and prevent them from spreading the virus to others, an international team of researchers says.


New studies investigate malaria resistance and susceptibility in children

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Two new studies investigated malaria resistance and susceptibility among children, and have uncovered information that may improve our understanding of the disease.


Scientists discover how antifungal drug amphotericin works

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Scientists have solved a decades-old medical mystery - and in the process have found a potentially less toxic way to fight invasive fungal infections, which kill about 1.5 million people a year.


New research shows that bacteria survive longer in contact lens cleaning solution than previously thought

Thu, 17 Apr 2014 02:00:00 PDT

Each year in the UK, bacterial infections cause around 6,000 cases of a severe eye condition known as microbial keratitis - an inflammation and ulceration of the cornea that can lead to loss of...


Beneficial organisms react differently to parasite drug

Thu, 17 Apr 2014 02:00:00 PDT

The substance ivermectin has been used for more than thirty years all over the world to combat parasites like roundworms, lice and mites in humans, livestock and pets.


Efficient viral inhibitor created with nanocrystalline cellulose

Thu, 17 Apr 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Researchers have succeeded in creating a surface on nano-sized cellulose crystals that imitates a biological structure. The surface adsorbs viruses and disables them.


Genomic epidemiology advances investigations of disease outbreaks

Thu, 17 Apr 2014 01:00:00 PDT

To combat disease outbreaks, public health officials often use painstaking fieldwork to try to stay one step ahead of the infectious bugs, linking patients' symptoms to a source of infection to...


How bacteria Y. pestis overwhelms the lungs to cause pneumonic plague

Thu, 17 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Northwestern Medicine scientists are continuing to unravel the molecular changes that underlie one of the world's deadliest and most infamous respiratory infections.


Evolution of whooping cough bacterium seen in Australia

Thu, 17 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

The bacterium that causes whooping cough, Bordetella pertussis, has changed in Australia - most likely in response to the vaccine used to prevent the disease - with a possible reduced effectiveness...


Scientists suggest how infection worsens stroke-induced brain damage

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 03:00:00 PDT

A new animal study confirms infection can worsen the brain damage caused by stroke and identifies blood platelets - which normally stop bleeding - as one of the culprits.


New research shows how pathogenic E. coli O157:H7 binds to fresh vegetables

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 02:00:00 PDT

Food-poisoning outbreaks linked to disease-causing strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli are normally associated with tainted meat products.


Predicting future meningitis epidemics in Africa

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 02:00:00 PDT

New research published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives this month has announced the potential for using dust and wind conditions as predictors for meningitis outbreaks in...


Nonoperative management of acute appendicitis in children

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Using antibiotics alone to treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable alternative to surgery that leads to less pain and fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study.


Penicillin redux: rearming proven warriors for the 21st century

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 01:00:00 PDT

Penicillin, one of the scientific marvels of the 20th century, is currently losing a lot of battles it once won against bacterial infections.


Antibiotics improve growth in children in developing countries

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Antibiotics improve growth in children at risk of undernourishment in low and middle income countries, finds a study published on bmj.com.


Improved diarrhea care of African children could save 20,000 lives

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Young children suffering from diarrheal diseases are less likely to receive life-saving oral rehydration therapy (ORT) if they seek treatment at private, for-profit clinics, according to the...


Weight gain a side effect of long-term antibiotic treatment for Q fever

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 00:00:00 PDT

Scientists have unearthed still more evidence that antibiotics can contribute to obesity.


Scientists uncover mechanism for immune suppression in liver disease

Tue, 15 Apr 2014 01:00:00 PDT

The mechanism which underlies the susceptibility of liver disease patients to life-threatening infection has been uncovered by Wellcome Trust-funded medical scientists, who have also suggested a...