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State exemption levels low, national vaccination rates high

Tue, 01 Sep 2015 08:00:00 PDT

Vaccine exemption levels for kindergarteners are low for most states and infant vaccination rates are high nationally, according to data from two reports published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly...

Lack of sleep could increase common cold risk

Tue, 01 Sep 2015 00:00:00 PDT

A new study has found that people who slept less than 5 hours a night were 4.5 times likely to catch a cold when exposed to the virus than people who slept 7 or more hours.

An ounce of prevention: Research advances on 'scourge' of transplant wards

Mon, 31 Aug 2015 01:00:00 PDT

The fungus Cryptococcus causes meningitis, a brain disease that kills about 1 million people each year -- mainly those with impaired immune systems due to AIDS, cancer treatment or an organ...

Staying safe in sandy beaches

Mon, 31 Aug 2015 00:00:00 PDT

Researcher from the University of Miami College of Engineering and an international team of scientists write landmark paper for monitoring beach sand to safeguard human healthBeach sand contains...

Oysters harbor, transmit human norovirus: Avoid raw ones

Mon, 31 Aug 2015 00:00:00 PDT

Oysters not only transmit human norovirus; they also serve as a major reservoir for these pathogens, according to research published August 28 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of...

Trypanosomes and renal insufficiency: APOL1 induces a double permeabilization

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 10:00:00 PDT

Prof Etienne Pays and his team from the ULB's Laboratory of Molecular Parasitology (Faculty of Science) sheds further light on the way human APOL1 kills the trypanosmoeThe African trypanosome...

Man sheds deadly polio virus in feces for 28 years

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 08:00:00 PDT

Researchers from the UK have reported on a man who they believe has been shedding a mutated form of a vaccine-derived polio virus in his feces for 28 years.

Scientists identify possible key in virus, cancer research

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:00:00 PDT

Florida State University researchers have taken a big step forward in the fight against cancer with a discovery that could open up the door for new research and treatment options.

Modified bacteria become a multicellular circuit

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 02:00:00 PDT

Rice University scientists have made a living circuit from multiple types of bacteria that prompts the bacteria to cooperate to change protein expression.

A new virus in liver cancer

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 02:00:00 PDT

More than a cause of a simple infection, viruses are often involved in the development of serious diseases.

A patient shedding poliovirus for 28 years -- possible challenges for polio eradication

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 01:00:00 PDT

With all but two countries worldwide, Pakistan and Afghanistan, declared polio-free, the eradication of the devastating viral disease in the near future is a real possibility.

The DNA damage response goes viral: A way in for new cancer treatments

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 01:00:00 PDT

Every organism--from a seedling to a president--must protect its DNA at all costs, but precisely how a cell distinguishes between damage to its own DNA and the foreign DNA of an invading virus has...

Bacterial warfare

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 09:00:00 PDT

UCSB researchers demonstrate how gram-negative bacteria deliver toxins to kill neighboring bacteriaIt's bacteria against bacteria, and one of them is going down.

Ebola may persist in wastewater for at least 8 days

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 00:00:00 PDT

New research suggests procedures for handling liquid waste contaminated with Ebola may underestimate the virus' ability to survive in wastewater.

Study in bats and rodents offers insights on how viruses spread across species

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 07:00:00 PDT

Bats are natural reservoirs of several important emerging viruses, and because cross-species transmission appears to be quite common among bats, it's important to study bats in a community context...

Flu remedies help combat E. coli bacteria

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 00:00:00 PDT

Trillions of bacteria populate the human gut - which makes them more common than any other cells in our body. The composition of this bacterial population is very variable and influenced by our diet.

Hepatitis A-like virus identified in seals

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 09:00:00 PDT

Scientists in the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health have discovered a new virus in seals that is the closest known relative of the human...

Researchers identify signature of microbiomes associated with schizophrenia

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 09:00:00 PDT

Studying microbiomes in throat may help identify causes and treatments of brain disorderIn the most comprehensive study to date, researchers at the George Washington University have identified a...

Medical terms lead to divide between parents and doctors

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 08:00:00 PDT

When discussing a child's symptoms, labels such as 'pink eye' can dictate how medical decisions are madeFew things are more stressful than dealing with a sick child.

New vaccine candidates may lead toward universal flu vaccine

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 07:00:00 PDT

Two studies have developed influenza vaccine candidates designed to target an area of the virus that is less prone to mutation compared with traditional vaccine targets.