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Effective one-shot vaccination of newborns moves closer to reality

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 06:00:00 PDT

Newborns are highly vulnerable to infections and don't respond optimally to most vaccines because their young immune systems typically mount weak antibody responses.

Vaginal itching: Common causes, symptoms, and treatments

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 05:00:00 PDT

Vaginal itching is a bothersome but common experience. Learn about the different causes, including yeast infections, STDs, and allergies.

Mosquito monitoring has limited utility in dengue control, study finds

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Cross-sectional surveys of mosquito abundance carried out in the subtropics and tropics are meant to give researchers an indication of the risk of a dengue virus outbreak in any given area.

Fighting malaria through mathematical analysis of parasite's metabolism

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

A new mathematical model, based on the deadliest malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, could help develop antimalarials by identifying key metabolic targets, according to a study published in...

Biosensor chips identify effective antibiotic treatment up to x8 faster than current methods

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Scientists have piloted silicon biosensor chips which can rapidly identify the best antibiotics for treating bacterial infections.

New, cheaper, and heat-stable rotavirus vaccine could prevent thousands of childhood deaths

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

A new, heat-stable vaccine is safe and effective against rotavirus, according to results of a recent Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontiéres vaccine trial in Niger, published in the New...

Common skin rashes: Pictures, causes, and treatments

Sun, 26 Mar 2017 03:00:00 PDT

In this article, we look at a variety of skin rashes including eczema, hives, and psoriasis. Learn about possible triggers and when to see a doctor.

Global rise of multidrug resistant tuberculosis threatens to derail decades of progress

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

New antibiotics are becoming available for the first time but without accurate diagnostics, clear treatment guidelines, and improved control efforts, their effectiveness could be rapidly lost...

Scientists identify a new way gut bacteria break down complex sugars

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

New light has been shed on the functioning of human gut bacteria which could help to develop medicines in the future to improve health and wellbeing.

Immune study in chickens reveals key hurdle for Campylobacter vaccine effort

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

New University of Liverpool research reveals that the immune response of farmed chickens does not develop fast enough to fight off Campylobacter during their short lifespan.

Small molecule may stop infectious biofilms growing on medical implants

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 07:00:00 PDT

Study shows that a small molecule can block the formation of adhesive bonds that help growth of S. aureus biofilms, a cause of implant-related infections.

States can lower risk of measles outbreak by strengthening exemption policies

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 06:00:00 PDT

States with weaker non-medical exemption policies for vaccinations can reduce the likelihood of a measles outbreak 140 to 190 percent by strengthening them, a new study from the University of...

Itchy eyes: Causes and treatment options

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 03:00:00 PDT

How can you relieve itchy or dry eyes? When should you see a doctor? Learn about common causes of this irritating condition and how to manage symptoms.

Anti-bacterial discovery will prevent infections spreading on medical devices

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 06:00:00 PDT

Microbiologists at Trinity College Dublin have discovered a new way to prevent bacteria from growing on medical devices such as hip replacements or heart valves implanted in the human body.

Physician judgment as good as complex protocol for sepsis finds seven-country collaboration

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 06:00:00 PDT

In a feat of medical and scientific coordination, doctors across 138 hospitals in seven countries shared treatment protocols and harmonized data collection of three clinical trials resulting in the...

Bacterial pathogen demonstrates genome flexibility and diversification during chronic infection of cystic fibrosis patients

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 06:00:00 PDT

Chronic lung infections can be devastating for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and infection by Burkholderia cenocepacia, one of the most common species found in CF patients, is often...

Shortage of drug to treat low blood pressure from septic shock associated with increased deaths

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Patients with septic shock admitted to hospitals affected by the 2011 shortage of the drug norepinephrine had a higher risk of in-hospital death, according to a study published online by JAMA.

New test detects early stage of wasting disease in cattle

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Researchers at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS) at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, have identified a more sensitive test for detecting the early...

Trichomonosis: A conundrum in cats

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Over the past two decades, the protozoan Tritrichomonas foetus has come to be recognised as a cause of chronic colitis in cats in many countries worldwide.

Researchers create viruses to selectively attack tumor cells

Mon, 20 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Scientists at the IDIBAPS Biomedical Research Institute and at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) lead a study in which they have designed a new strategy to get genetically...